Geodesic flow of the sub-Riemannian structure of Engel Type with strictly abnormal extremals

We consider a left-invariant sub-Riemannian problem of Engel type on the central extension of the special linear group. Interest in this problem comes from the fact that it has strictly abnormal trajectories, and the normal geodesic flow is Liouville integrable. An extremal trajectory is called strictly abnormal if it is not present among normal geodesics. It is known that the most complicated singularities of the sub-Riemannian metric arise near abnormal trajectories. The presence of a strictly abnormal trajectory in combination with the integrability of the normal geodesic flow makes the problem under consideration a model example for studying the singularities of the sub-Riemannian metric. We apply to the problem invariant formulation of Pontryagin maximum principle (PMP), in which the vertical subsystem (for conjugate variables) of the Hamiltonian system of PMP is independent of the state variables. We show that the vertical subsystem is reduced to the equation of a skewed pendulum. The first integrals of the system are found and an explicit solution is obtained in a special case. In the general case, we carry out a qualitative analysis of the phase flow of the Hamiltonian system. We describe the normal geodesics that asymptotically approach strictly abnormal trajectories.

Автор: A.P.Mashtakov, A.V.Podobryaev
Дата: 3 июня, 2022

XVI International conference “Stability and Oscillations of Nonlinear Control Systems” (Pyatnitskiy’s conference), Moscow

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